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Unleashing the Power of Articulation: Helping Kids Talk Clearly and Confidently

Updated: Jul 9



Watching our little ones develop their speech skills is a remarkable journey. As parents, we understand the importance of articulation—the ability to produce clear and intelligible speech—in helping our children express themselves effectively. However, some kids may experience delayed articulation, making them feel frustrated or unsure. In this blog, we'll explore the significance of articulation, delve into the world of speech development in children, and share practical tips to support our little chatterboxes with delayed articulation.


Why Articulation is a Big Deal

Articulation is the way in which we use our lips, tongue and soft palate to make specific speech sounds. A child's ability to make certain speech sounds develops over time.


An example of an articulation error is a child who pokes their tongue too far forward so it protrudes between their teeth, making a ‘th’ sound instead of a clear ‘s’ sound. A child experiencing difficulties making sounds accurately can be very hard to understand.


Let's face it, expressing oneself clearly is a superpower! Articulation sets the stage for confident communication and meaningful connections. Here's why it matters so much for our kiddos:

  1. Academic Success: Clear articulation helps children excel in the classroom, enhancing their ability to express themselves effectively.

  2. Social Butterflies: When our kids can communicate clearly, they blossom socially. Their self-confidence soars, and they forge stronger bonds with friends and adults.

  3. Emotional Growth: Expressing thoughts and emotions verbally is vital to our children's emotional well-being. It allows them to share their feelings, reducing frustration and fostering healthy self-expression.

Understanding How Kids Develop Speech

Every child is unique, and speech development varies from one little chatterbox to another. However, there are general milestones that can guide us as we cheer them on. Here's a rough roadmap of typical speech development stages:

  1. Birth to 12 Months: Our adorable little ones start cooing, babbling, and making vowel-like sounds. They become little sound imitators and engage in cute vocal exchanges with us.

  2. 12 to 18 Months: This is when words start to emerge! Our little talkers utter simple syllables or sounds, imitate animal noises, and use gestures to express themselves.

  3. Between 1-2 years, your baby’s speech sounds will really take off. As their vocabulary explodes, their speech should become easier to understand. During this time, you can expect the number of words in your toddler’s vocabulary to triple! Their new sounds will help them say all their new words.

  4. By 2 years, toddlers should be able to say p, b, m, t, d, n, h, w.

  5. By 3 years, they will be adding k, g, f, s, ng (e.g. sing)

  6. 3 to 4 Years: Pronunciation becomes clearer, and their sentences get more complex. Our little storytellers emerge as they share imaginative tales and dive into detailed conversations.

  7. By 4 years of age, children are speaking in longer sentences. They can say most sounds but don’t necessarily use them in all the right spots yet. 4-year-olds should be able to say m, n, h, w, p, b, t, d, k, g, ng, f, y, s, z, ch, j, sh, l.

By 4 years of age, your child should be understood by around 75% of people outside of your family. By 5 years of age, 95-100% of all listeners should understand your child.


Tips to Help Your Little Chatterbox

  1. Get Silly with Mouth Exercises: Let's make practising speech muscles fun! Blow bubbles together, sip through straws or try your hand at whistling. These playful exercises can make children aware of the muscles and movements needed for clear speech.

  2. Look, Listen and Copy: Make fun noises and faces in front of the mirror and help your child watch and copy you.

  3. Model Clear Speech: Be their speech role model! Speak slowly and clearly when talking to your child, using correct pronunciation. Avoid criticizing their errors—instead, create a positive environment for learning.

  4. Let the Games Begin: Imitate animal sounds together, play a lively round of "I Spy" focusing on specific sounds, or engage in rhyming activities to boost their awareness of sounds

  5. Storytime: Reading aloud is a magical bonding experience. Choose books with expressive voices, and make the words come alive. Pause and encourage your child to repeat or imitate certain words or phrases—building their listening skills and expanding vocabulary.

  6. High-Five Progress: Celebrate each milestone! Shower your little chatterbox with praise and encouragement as they progress in their articulation journey. Recognize their efforts, building their self-confidence and motivation.

  7. Reach Out for Expert Advice: If you notice persistent articulation challenges or your child's speech development significantly lags behind their peers, it's time to see a speech pathologist.

Articulation is like a superpower that empowers our children to express themselves clearly and confidently. By embracing the joy of speech development and implementing these tips, we can support our little chatterboxes in becoming effective communicators. So let's cheer them on, celebrate their progress, and watch them unlock the power of articulation!


If your child is not meeting these milestones, it's time to seek professional advice and support from a speech pathologist.


At Newcastle Speech Pathology, we're here to help. Don't wait and see. Get the answers to your questions about your child's speech development today.

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